The seven dhatus are the seven tissues of the body. In English, they are plasma, blood, muscle, fat, bone, bone/nerve, and reproductive tissues. In Sanskrit, rasa, rakta, mamsa, medas, asti, majja, and shukra respectively.

These are the structures that make up the body. However, like many concepts in Vedic literature, it is much more than just one-sided explanations. They are important in understanding the relationship of tissue in the body, and they are the places where doshas get into when they cause infections.

Understanding the seven dhatuses is essential to understanding pathology; what is wrong with the body. When the dosha enters the dhatu, a proper understanding of the dhatu helps the physician predict the symptoms to be seen and provide indications for the best treatment.

The seven dhatuses are:

  1. Rasa– literally, “sap” or “juice.” Rasa represents tissue fluid, which includes chyle, lymph, and blood plasma. Its tissues are used for breast milk and menstrual blood and its waste is absorbed. Its function is prinana (nutrition).
  2. Blood (Rakta) – red blood cells. The tissues found in it are blood vessels and muscles and their waste is gallstones. Its function is jivana (rejuvenation).
  3. Flesh (Mamsa) – skeletal muscle, its available tissues are the lines and the skin and its waste are those that accumulate in the pores of the body: ears wax, snot, navel lint, smegma, and so on. Its function is lepana (“attachment” of bones).
  4. Fat (Medas) – fat on the limbs and limbs. Its connective tissue is the omentum and its waste products. Snebana (lubrication) is its function.
  5. Bone (Asti) – all bones. Its accessories are teeth and dirty body hair. Beard and nails. Provides the body with dharana (support).
  6. Marrow (Majja) – anything inside the bone, including the red and yellow bone marrow and the brain and spine, which are completely bound to the bone. Its basic tissues are scalp hair and lachrymal extraction is its contaminant. Make putana (“fill” the bones).
  7. Shukra and Artarva – men’s and women’s sexual fluids. Shukra’s functions are garbbotpatti (reproduction) and Ojas production, a liquid that produces aura and controls infection. It has no used tissue or waste.

Doshas are present within the dhatus (tissue). When something unusual happens, it causes abnormalities in the supporting tissues. Both of these abnormalities when combined cause infections that start within the dhatu / affected tissues.

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